عنوان مقاله [English]
The Battle of Badr was the first important battle the holy Prophet of Islam (SWA) fought in. The victory in this battle improved the reputation and the position of Muslims and their nascent state in Medina. Because of its significance, this battle is specifically mentioned in the holy Qur'an, in the Surah al-Anfal, the very revelation and completion of which was for and after this battle. In addition, Islamic biographers and narrators have paid a special attention to this battle although their opinions about it are apparently different from the Qur'anic view. Finding the real causes of the Battle of Badr based on the Qur'an and the Islamic exegeses is the main concern and question of the present research. Furthermore, the reasons why the interpretations about this battle vary from the Qur'anic view to that expressed by the biographers of the Prophet and why the latter try to impose their perspective on the Qur'an, are investigated in this study as well. It is hypothesized that the Qur'an sees thwarting the Quraysh's threat as the real cause of this battle while biographers of the Prophet and historians point to the attack of Muslims on the Quraysh caravan for acquiring their assets as the main motivation. What this study achieved is a review and analysis of the Battle of Badr from a Qur'anic perspective, different from the writings of the Islamic biographers.