عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran faced a defensive position in the face of the devastating battles of tsarist Russia, while during centuries the war trips of the rulers of Iran and their conquests increased the scope of its political-cultural geography and overshadowed the countries and surrounding nations. . These conquests went somewhere in the imperial and temporal structure within the framework of jihad and the legitimate war with Balad Kafr. The latest experience of this kind of defeat can be seen in the actions of Nadir Shah Afshar and the efforts of Aghamohammadkhan in preventing the breakdown of the countries of Iran. The paper addresses the causes of the formation of defensive thinking and its dimensions in the narrative of intellectual activists (historians, poets, religious scholars) of the Qatari revolutionary period. In this regard, I believe that the various sources of this era (including historiographical texts, literature, and fatawa religions) reminded of the strong or ancient Iranian land patterns for the development of the "arctic type" of the past glory of history and in the face of decadence And their contemporary crisis, which inspired audiences' awareness of external threats, and reproduced territorial-religious symbols with the aim of emphasizing the need to defend the boundaries.