عنوان مقاله [English]
Since the Safavid era, Kermanshahan was considered one of the border regions of Iran, and because it was on the border with the Ottomans, it was of great importance to the central government. As a result, the central government took measures in order to keep order in this region. The government's main players in making such attempts were the military associated with tribes and nomads. Meanwhile, the main factor in the discipline and efficiency of the military forces was the timely payment of wages. Because a large part of the Iranian army consisted of tribes and nomads, in politically stable conditions, delay in the wage payment did not present a challenge for the central and state governments, owing to the fact that the heads of the military corps were the chiefs of the tribes and clans, and the social structure of the nomads did not allow them to protest. However, in periods of unstable political conditions, the issue was totally different, and regular and timely payment of wages to the troops only made them complied. It is against this background that the present research defined the challenges to the payment of wages to the troops in Kermanshah and the resulting outcomes as a pivotal issue. The results show that there were no systematic and uniform principles and rules in paying wages and that there was a significant difference between the wages paid to the soldiers and the commanders. Nevertheless, since the commanders were the same as the tribal chiefs, suspended, delayed and partial payment of wages during the periods of stability did not allow the troops to protest. However, this presented itself in various forms in unstable political situations.