عنوان مقاله [English]
Ismail Agha Shikak, known as Simko, who had entered into conflicts with the central government since the years of the constitutional revolution, finally failed in the summer of 1922 and fled across the border, but after his repeated requests, the Iranian government finally pardoned him and allowed him to return. Shortly after returning to Chehriq, Ismail Agha tried to expand his power again and started another rebellion in 1926, but this time he was also defeated by the government forces and found no other option but to flee to the other side of the borders. Based on the available documents and sources, and using a descriptive-analytical method, the present research tries to answer the question of why Simko rebelled again despite being forgiven by the Iranian government. The findings of the research show that he rebelled under the influence of some internal and external factors, such as the competition with his long-time rival Omar Khan Shikak, the actions of General Amir Ahmadi, his treatment by government officials, Turkey's interventions, as well as his concern about Treaty of Friendship of 1926 between Iran and Turkey.
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