نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری علوم قران وحدیث، دانشکده علوم انسانی ،دانشگاه اراک
2 استادیار گروه الهیات ، دانشکده علوم انسانی،دانشگاه اراک
عنوان مقاله [English]
After the migration of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) to Medina, about 80 battles happened between him and the infidel, out of which 30 battles are referred to as ghazawat. One of the ghazawat is known as Banū Qurayza. Following the Jewish violation of their treaty with the prophet, the prophet intended to punish them. There are two types of accounts in historical resources about the outcome of the resulting battle: a) killing of men and capturing of women and children, b) killing of the warriors and capturing of women and children. Some orientalists have used these reports as pretexts to try to present a violent and arrogant picture of the prophet of Islam. The present descriptive and analytical study attempted at a logical evaluation of the reports, comparing them with the sīra of the prophet in wars, and contemplating the Qur'anic ayahs related to this war. The results reveal that no general massacre occurred in this ghazwa. Rather, some Jews were killed in the battlefield and during the battle and some others were captured.